je internetový portál o vlasech, kráse a kosmetice. Zajímavé informace a užitečné rady nejen o vlasových kosmetických přípravcích, ale také o tom, jak pečovat o vlasy, aby si uchovaly lesk a zdravý vzhled, se dočtete na tomto webu.

Ten také slouží k ukládání studentských seminárních prací z předmětu Cosmetology, který je vyučován na 1. lékařské fakultě Univerzity Karlovy.

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  1. Thomais Ioannou - Abdominoplastic operation says:

    Abdominoplasty (also called tummy tack) is a surgical cosmetic operation done to make abdomen thinner and firmer.
    The principle is the removal of excess skin and fat from the middle and lower abdomen in order to tighten the muscle and fascias of the abdominal wall.
    It is used after major weight loss or after pregnancy.
    The benefits of this procedure is that the results of the operation itself, in combination with the mindset change and also a healthy diet accompanied by a fitness plan lead to an elevated lifestyle and level of self-esteem.


    a. Complete abdominoplasty
    A full abdominoplasty includes the following steps:

    An incision is made from hip to hip just above the pubic area.
    Another incision is made to free the navel from the surrounding skin.
    The skin is detached from the abdominal wall to reveal the muscles and fascia to be tightened. The muscle fascia wall is tightened with sutures.
    Liposuction is often used to refine the transition zones of the abdominal sculpture.
    A dressing and sometimes a compression garment are applied and any excess fluid from the site is drained.

    b. Partial abdominoplasty
    A partial abdominoplasty proceeds as follows:

    A smaller incision is made.
    The skin and fat of the lower abdomen are detached in a more limited fashion from the muscle fascia. The skin is stretched down and excess skin removed.
    Sometimes the belly button stalk is divided from the muscle below and the belly button slid down lower on the abdominal wall.
    Sometimes a portion of the abdominal muscle fascia wall is tightened.
    Liposuction is often used to contour the transition zone.
    The flap is stitched back into place.

    c. Extended abdominoplasty
    An extended abdominoplasty is a complete abdominoplasty plus a lateral thigh lift. The postoperative scar runs from the posterior axillary line. The operation does all of the abdominal contouring of a complete abdominoplasty and allows further improvement of the flank (waist), as well as smoothing the contour of the upper lateral thigh.

    d. High lateral tension

    Advanced technique that takes about 4-5 hours to perform. In this technique in addition to vertical-line tightening which is done at the conventional abdominoplasty, muscles are also tightened horizontally. Better result of a flat abdomen and better-defined waistline.

    e. Floating Abdominoplasty (FAB)

    Also known as extended mini abdominoplasty. It allows for tightening and shaping through a smaller incision that isn’t placed around the belly button. Through this smaller incision, excess skin is removed and the belly button is temporarily detached, floating above the muscles during this process. The muscles are tightened and reshaped from sternum to pubic area. The skin is then tightened and the belly button is reattached, or moved down one or two cm if desired. Liposuction may also be performed to achieve desirable results.

    f. Circumferential abdominoplasty

    It is an extended abdominoplasty with a buttock lift. The resulting scar runs all the way around the body, and the operation is also called a Belt Lipectomy or Body Lift. This operation is most appropriate for patients who have undergone massive weight loss.

    Possible risks of abdominoplasty:

    Bleeding, Fluid accumulation, Poor wound healing, Skin loss, Numbness or other changes in skin sensation, Anesthesia complications, Skin discoloration and/or prolonged swelling, Fatty tissue found deep in the skin might die (fat necrosis), Major wound separation, asymmetry, Recurrent looseness of skin, Pain (which may persist), Persistent swelling in the legs, nerve damage, Possibility of revisional surgery, hematoma, keloid, seroma, Suture rupture, Swelling, Visible scar, Death.

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